Heterolepis incertae sedis

Shrubs or subshrubs without latex; leaves alternate; heads, radiate, up to 6 cm in diameter; involucre broadly campanulate with 2–3 rows of bracts somewhat connate at base, apically scarious and laciniate; receptacles shallowly alveolate; corollas yellow; ray corollas female, strap-shaped with three teeth and four veins but also staminoides and a filiform lobe ventrally in the sinus of the tube; disc corollas with five lobes of equal size, deeply divided; anther apical appendages soft and oblong, thecae with short spurs (calcarate) and barely branched tails (caudate); pollen spherical, echinate with spines evenly and deeply separated; styles slender, style branches short, shaft slightly thickened below the style branches, sweeping hairs on backs of style branches acute, somewhat longer hairs in a ring below the bifurcation, apex slightly rounded with short hairs, style branches not recurving; small achenes covered with dense white twin hairs; pappus biseriate, of 1–10 yellow-brown, stout, subu- late, bristle-like scales of varying length.

Diagnostic Features

Ray florets that generally have sta- minoides and a filiform lobe ventrally in the sinus of the tube; pappus of bristle-like scales which form a pom-pom- like shape in older heads; small achenes covered with dense white twin hairs; and partially connate involucral bracts.

Geographic distribution

Three species endemic to South Africa, mostly in the Cape Floristic Region.